Statistics has shown that households from third-world countries cook with traditional and unhealthy fuels such as firewood, charcoal, animal dung and kerosene. The use of these fuels has led to continuous degradation of the environment causing anomalies such as air pollution, desertification, soil erosion and climate change.
From Nigeria energy mix, greater percentage of Nigeria’s household make use of firewood and kerosene while a negligible percentage cook with Liquefied Petroleum Gas.
Toxic emission from some of the traditional fuels like firewood, charcoal and animal dung can cause serious health problems if inhaled in large quantities, which make Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) highly suitable as a household cooking fuel.
LPG is a hydrocarbon gas but its sterling qualities such as having high calorific value, being a clean burning and eco-friendly fuel has put LPG in a position where it is considered as a suitable alternative for those unhealthy cooking fuels.
In comparism to most hydrocarbons, LPG has a low carbon to hydrogen ratio which means that it generate lower amount of CO2 per amount of heat produced.
As a low carbon energy which has the capacity to replace less clean energy sources, LPG can contribute to improving quality of life by helping to reduce the social cost of energy use in Nigeria.
LPG is the primary fuel source for cooking, lighting and heating in many part of the world. Unfortunately not enough people especially in Nigeria have access to this lifesaving hydrocarbon.
According to the world LPG Association (WLPGA) “The survival of three billion people or close to half of the world population (41%) depends on cooking with polluting solid fuel (e.g. wood, dung, crop waste, coal and charcoal)”
Due to high use of these traditional fuels by households, poor rural women and their children are therefore exposed to high levels of household air pollution which lead to untimely death of many women and children.
When fully adopted LPG can dramatically reduce household air pollution and thereby eliminate between 600,000 and 1.8million annual premature deaths.
Switching to LPG by households will prove that the hydrocarbon gas is a lifesaver.